воскресенье, 21 января 2007 г.

Как создать список установленных пакетов в Debian (Ubuntu).

Для того, чтобы создать список установленных в Debian (Ubuntu) пакетов можно воспользоваться следующей утилитой:

$ dpkg --get-selections > installed_programs.txt

Можно также записать в файл краткую информацию о пакетах (версия пакета и краткое описание):

$ COLUMNS=150 dpkg -l > packages.txt

Теперь все эти пакеты можно установить на другом компьютере (или на этом же, после переустановки). Для этого устанавливаем Debian (Ubuntu) по умолчанию, и после установки выполняем следующую операцию, предварительно скопировав на этот компьютер файл installed_programs.txt:

$ sudo dpkg --set-selections < installed_programs.txt

и дальше
или

$ sudo apt-get -u dist-upgrade

или

$ sudo apt-get dselect-upgrade


P.S. Данные советы я нашел на форуме Ubuntu и здесь. Если Вы знаете другие способы или знаете как усовершенствовать данный, буду благодарен за описание в комментариях.

69 коммент.:

MadDog комментирует...

Привет!
Наверное ошибка закралась, но скорее всего вместо
$ sudo dpkg --set-selections < face="georgia">
надо написать
$ sudo dpkg --set-selections < packages.txt
:)

В целом совет очень хороший и полезный.

serhiy cherevko комментирует...

Спасибо. Уже исправил (Blogger всегда лучше меня знает что вставить).

Roman Lagunov комментирует...

По поводу переноса:

Прежде чем переносить, забэкапить /etc/, а потом на новой машине восстановить.

serhiy cherevko комментирует...

О, дельные советы. Спасибо. Я где-то читал о том, что некоторые папки лучше сохранить. А сохранить /etc - это дело.

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Как заработать в сети?

AntiGluk комментирует...

еще нужно забекапить /etc/apt/sources.list и заменить на другой машине. сделать
# apt-get update
а потом уже то что написано в статье.
ибо не все пакеты из стандартных репозиториев

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